What Are the 3 Main Types of Educational Assessments?

If you are looking to understand more about your child’s educational development, you may choose to have a professional educational assessment done. But there is more than one type of assessment, so how do you know which one is best?

We look at the three main types of educational assessments that are often performed by qualified educational psychologists.

Career Choice Assessments

Career choice assessments are aimed at anyone who wants to make a decision about their career. Educational Psychologists work both with adolescents nearing the end of their school career, as well as older individuals who have already set out on a career path and are considering a change in this path.

A career choice assessment usually consists of the following:

  • Aptitude Test
  • Personality Test
  • Values Assessment

The results of all the above tests are then integrated and recommendations made with regards to career choice.

School Readiness Assessments

School-readiness assessments are a subset of psycho-educational assessments and are usually recommended for children in the last term of their Grade R year.

Parents are often confused by the term school-ready. They might be told that their child is not school-ready, while the Schools Act stipulates that all children must start school (Grade 1) in the year that they turn 7. Put very simply, a child is considered school ready when deemed to be able to cope with the formal demands of schooling.  

Here are some of the things that are tested for in these assessments:

  • Intellectual assessment (IQ test)
  • Visual and auditory perceptual skills
  • Concept development
  • Fine motor skills
  • Gross motor skills
  • Emotional screening

Learning Difficulties Assessments

The earlier learning difficulties are identified and an effective intervention program is started, the better the chance of improving long term outcomes.

In fact, research shows that when the right learning strategies and support are put in place early enough, positive results can be quickly achieved and maintained over the long term.

When a learning difficulty assessment is completed and it is determined that a child has a learning difficulty, an application for a concession can be made.

Concession assessments are generally required by schools, education departments and the IEB when applying for learners to be granted the following concessions during examinations:

  • Extra time
  • A prompter
  • A scribe (someone to write down their answers)
  • A reader (someone to read the exam paper for them)
  • Amanuensis (A person who reads and scribes for the learner)
  • Spelling concessions
  • Handwriting concessions (for learners who suffer from Dysgraphia)
  • Braille
  • Enlarged print
  • Use of a computer

In order to qualify for a concession, learners need to have been assessed and to show at least average intellectual ability and a significant long-term learning disability which will compromise examination performance.

For more information about the different types of educational assessments or to book a consultation, contact Anel Annandale at 021 423 0739 or via email at  anel@childpsych.co.za.

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